Emissions Summary for Thailand - UNFCCC

Emissions Summary for Thailand: Changes in emissions, in per cent HFCs+PFCs+Sulfr hexafluoride 0.00% HFCs+PFCs+sf6 gas 0.00% CH4 24.74% N2O 5.21% CO2 70.06%: 1994: 2000: GHGGet price

(PDF) Quantitative Analysis of HFCs, PFCs and Sulfr hexafluoride Emission

This study is a documented research work that determines the emission quantities of HFCs, PFCs and Sulfr hexafluoride in Thailand. The information included in this study is comprised of secondary data that have been collected from relevant government agency sourcesGet price

Thailand Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions 1970-2021

Total greenhouse gas emissions in kt of CO2 equivalent are composed of CO2 totals excluding short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning and Savannah burning) but including other biomass burning (such as forest fires, post-burn decay, peat fires and decay of drained peatlands), all anthropogenic CH4 sources, N2O sources and F-gases (HFCs, PFCs and insulating gas). Thailand greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions for 2012 was 440,411.68, a 2.11% increase from 2011.Get price

Sulfr hexafluoride: The Little Gas That Could… Make Global Warming Worse

Mar 25, 2021 · The annual emissions rate rose from about 7.3 gigagrams or Gg estimated in 2008 to about 9.04 Gg in 2018, an increase of 24% over the course of the decade. For reference, 9 Gg of SF 6 equates to...Get price

GLOBAL EMISSION SOURCES OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM

Global Emission Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Processes: insulating gas 287 Figure 2 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 Global emissions of greenhouse gases 1980-1997 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Pg CO2-eq. HFCs+PFCs+gaz sf6 - total N2O - non-Annex I countries CH4 - non-Annex IGet price

Environmental issues in Thailand - Wikipedia

The Thai governmentClimate Change Master Plan, 2012-2050 foresees that "Thailand is able [sic] to continue its economic, social, and environmental developments in accordance with sufficiency economy philosophy and to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, without impeding the countrygross domestic product (GDP) or reducing its growth ofGet price

Putting a price on carbon – an efficient way for Thailand to

Thailand relies heavily on fossil fuels for its energy needs, but is showing promising signs of decreasing energy and CO 2 emission intensity. With an ambitious GHG emission reduction target in its commitments under the Paris Agreement, Thailand has started shifting the focus of its energy policy to energy efficiency and the clean energy transition.Get price

Greenhouse Gas Inventory in Thailand | SpringerLink

Rice cultivation is the main source of methane emissions in Thailand, responsible for 89.8% of total methane emissions. Livestock is the second largest source, with 7% of total methane emissions. The inventory is currently being revised with support from the U.S. Country Studies Program and the Royal Thai Government.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

(PDF) Emission Inventory of Electricity Generation in Thailand

To assess the environmental impact of air emissions, Krittayakasem et al. (2011) listed the average annual emission inventory of CO2, CO, NOx, SO2 and PM for the power industry of Thailand. AbuGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas gaz sf6 are rising

Energy consumption and production contribute to two-thirds of global emissions, and 81% of the global energy system is still based on fossil fuels, the same percentage as 30 years ago. Plus, improvements in the energy intensity of the global economy (the amount of energy used per unit of economic activity) are slowing.Get price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Measurement and Reporting

Feb 14, 2018 · Use of sf 6 in electrical equipment Page 83 Section 2.15 Any other process or activity resulting in GHG emissions User-specified Section 2.16 Reporting status of parameters For each emission stream, a reporting status is assigned to each parameter of the formula used to compute emissions.Get price

Thailand’s Second National Communication and Mitigation Aspects

Total GHG Emission 9 Source: Thailand’s Second National Communication =229.08 Mt CO2eq. GHG Emission from Energy Sector 10 Industrial processes, 16.39, 7.2%Get price

Thailand CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

CO2 emissions per capita in Thailand are equivalent to 3.93 tons per person (based on a population of 68,971,308 in 2016), an increase by 0.05 over the figure of 3.88 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of 1.2% in CO2 emissions per capita.Get price

Relevance of sf6 gas in Switchgear and its Contribution to

Major Contributors of Sulfr hexafluoride. Rather intriguingly, Germany is the biggest contributor to insulating gas emissions in Europe. Primarily, due to a very high installed base of Sulfr hexafluoride based Switchgear. Outside Europe, United States and Japan are also major contributors towards the Sulfr hexafluoride emissions.Get price

Quantitative Analysis of HFCs, PFCs and Sulfr hexafluoride Emission from

Abstract: This study is a documented research work that determines the emission quantities of HFCs, PFCs and insulating gas in Thailand. The information included in this study is comprised of secondary data that have been collected from relevant government agency sources and the results of a field survey.Get price

Overview of Measures Implemented in Transport Sector and Air

Excise TAX in Thailand (Accepted by The Cabinet , March 19, 2019) Vehicle Type Excise Tax Note Electric Vehicle 0% From 1 January 2020 - 2022 Electric Vehicle 2% From 1 January 2023 - 2025 Passenger Car (<3,000 CC, <10 Passengers) 30-40 % Based on CO2 emissions Passenger Car (<3,000 CC , Used E-85) 25-35 % Based on CO2 emissionsGet price

CO2 Statistic - Energy Policy Planning Office, Thailand

Emission Assumptions (Thai version) download (.pdf file)  Subscribe to this RSS feed. Description: Current 2021 (2 Months) Historical Statistics 1986-2020 (35-YearGet price

Quantitative Analysis of HFCs, PFCs, and sf 6 Emission from

Emission from Thailand Industries Varittha Sriruang, Nathsuda Pumijumnong and Winai Nutmagul Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand Abstract This study is a documented research work that determines the emission quantities of HFCs, PFCs, and SF 6 in Thailand. The information included inGet price

Overview of insulating gas Emissions Sources and Reduction Options in

Emissions Sources and . Reduction Options in Electric Power Systems Introduction. Understanding potential emissions sources is the first step to effectively managing them. In electric power . systems, as the industry’s understanding of sulfur hexafluoride (SF. 6) emissions has evolved, so have practices . for handling and managing thoseGet price

TechTopics No. 111 | TechTopics | Siemens USA

The report indicates that total net emissions of SF 6 in 2013 were 6.9 MMT CO 2-equivalent (million metric tons CO 2-equivalent), of which net emissions in electrical transmission and distribution were 5.1 MMT CO 2-equivalent and the remainder of the emissions were from magnesium production and processing and from semiconductor manufacture. 6Get price

Historical global emission trends of the Kyoto gases HFCs

Figure 9. Global trend in F gas emissions, 1970-1998, of individual source categories. (Source: EDGAR 3.0) RESULTS FOR sf6 gas: SOURCES, DOMINANT REGIONS, TRENDS Figure 9 shows the trend in global emissions of F gases per major source category in another fashion than Fig. 6. It clearly shows that SF 6 emissions from the electricity sector are becomingGet price

Thailand - CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and

Thailand - CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (% of total fuel combustion) CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (% of total fuel combustion) in Thailand was 20.89 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 43 years was 27.03 in 1971, while its lowest value was 17.13 in 1986.Get price

Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and gaz sf6 (thousand

Other greenhouse gas emissions, HFC, PFC and sf6 gas (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking. Definition: Other greenhouse gas emissions are by-product emissions of hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride.Get price

insulating gas Transmitter - Draeger

Increased safety, cost reduction and climate protection. When insulating switchgear or transformers, sulfur hexafluoride (sf 6) is used. Since it is technically almost impossible to hermetically seal these systems, emissions can escape into the environment. Gas detection systems from Dräger make it possible to detect even the smallest leaks at an early stage and initiate corrective measures.Get price

Greenhouse gas emissions from Thailand’s transport sector

Jan 01, 2013 · Table 8 gives the summary of fuel consumptions and GHG emissions of Thailand’s transport sectors during 1990–2007. The total fuel consumption of transport sectors increased from 9119 ktoe in 1990 to 18,102 ktoe in 2007, accounted for an average growth rate of 4.3% per annum.Get price

Essentials of sf 6 monitoring | TD Guardian Articles

01/01/2012. Because Sulfr hexafluoride has a global warming potential that is almost 24,000 times greater than CO2, it gets a lot of attention. And since the electric power industry is responsible for nearly 80% of the world’s usage, our industry has taken significant steps to reduce or eliminate the emissions from gas insulated switchgear.Get price

Rich nations fail as Thailand meets its emissions target

Thailand has pledged to lower its greenhouse gas emissions by 20 to 25 per cent by 2030 from the estimated emission rate in a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario. “Since Thailand is a developing country, we do not have to lower our emission rate as significantly as wealthy nations, who ought to cut down their net CO2 emission rate every yearGet price

sf 6 Leak Detection wika

The importance of monitoring Sulfr hexafluoride gas leaks and emissions Although SF 6 is non-toxic, any escaped gas can displace oxygen in the air and lead to asphyxiation in closed spaces. It is also a potent greenhouse gas – 23,900 times more effective than carbon dioxide at trapping infrared radiation in the atmosphere.Get price

Electrical industry’s ‘dirty secret’ boosts warming | Wind

Sep 14, 2019 · The expansion of electrical grid connections [due to wind, solar, and gas] has increased use of sf6 gas. [See also: Sulfr hexafluoride, Cattle, and AI]It’s the most powerful greenhouse gas known to humanity, and emissions have risen rapidly in recent years, the BBC has learned.Get price